Posts Tagged 'Operation Twist'

Am I Still Bearish? Sort of Not

I have had very light equity exposure for an extended period of time with periods of being net short to being fairly long. Fortunately, with the indices having been range bound, the opportunity cost has been insignificant. As I mentioned in a prior note being bearish is exhausting, lonely and counter to my natural optimism (although I do admit to always maintaining a healthy dose of cynicism). Imagine taking your child to see 101 Dalmatians and loudly rooting for Cruella deVille to come out on top. Your kid shrinks away to another seat on the other side of the theater while others shun you. That’s how bears are treated.

I continually second guess my investment thesis, trying to see what the other side sees. I weigh the inputs underlying my stance, marking them to market. I try to remove the bias of my position as I seek additional data that is either supportive or unsupportive of my position. And of course, there is always the fear of acting from emotion that prompts a change in thinking, a feeling that you weren’t invited to the party, of being left out. And most of all, there is that greatest fear of all, of having reversed course at absolutely the wrong time. And in full disclosure, I have not always made the turn in a very timely fashion. I did well in 2008 but hardly made any money in 2009. Although I was still ahead of the game, it still didn’t feel good missing out on a ripping bull market move.

So where am I now? I am warming up to the market. Why? Well, I have often said I have seen this movie before and it ended badly but maybe there will be a different ending to this installment because everyone else had also seen the prequel to the 2011 financial crisis. My ending has banks struggling to raise capital, some, like Dexia or perhaps Greece, going belly up, credit continuing to tighten, economies contracting – the culmination of all these fears and others I haven’t listed causing a massive wave of selling. But guess what? Merkel and Sarkozy and the more responsible members of the G-20 and EU were also around in 2008 and they have no interest in revisiting that scenario. Granted they have waited too long and the cost of delay has ratcheted up the price of a cure. Germany and France have the most to lose by not putting forth a viable solution. While expectations for a total and complete solution are still high, they have been ratcheted down enough to be attainable, or near attainable with the promise to be completely resolved in the next 3 to 6 months. Shock and awe is not in the cards and everyone knows it. But will they give us enough to put a floor under the market and cause under invested funds to chase performance? I think so.

Swimming upstream, against the tide of bullishness that is the unwavering stance by the vast majority of pundits and market participants is difficult enough but imagine the flood gates being opened and the water gushing at you as you flutter kick your portfolio like a foam kickboard. The world is awash in liquidity. It all comes down to not fighting the Fed. But the much maligned U.S. Fed has recruited a legion of Central Bankers to fight the battle: the EU, IMF and China. This is a massive liquidity push by every printing press on the planet. So for now, I am entering into surrender negotiations and further increasing my exposure further.

I am by no means becoming fully invested for I still have that evil twin whispering in my ear. The global economy is in terrible shape but what do I know that others don’t? I don’t have an edge on China – it’s a property bubble that has already begun to leak – but the Chief Communist (as opposed to Chief Economist) knows that. I think that will end ugly but they can throw enough money at it in the interim to allow the S&P to rise to 1250, a random number, while their market declines. Europe is in recession but that thinking is convention and is nothing that $1.3 trillion can’t cure.

The most alpha will likely be generated through commodities and materials – the most economically sensitive investments – but I can’t go all that way in. There is too much risk in case I am wrong. I do like the fertilizer companies for the long term and although recovering, they have been beaten worse than a Middle Eastern dictator. I still prefer the more boring fundamentally, bottoms up investments epitomized by MDRX, KO, QCOM, WLP, NIHD. My risk is in bottom fishing on HPQ and, dare I admit it, RIMM. I cut back my Euro short against the dollar but will rebuild that position again at some point.

How long the cure lasts is what keeps a lid on my exposure. At some point austerity leads to slower growth and U.S. economic policy is non-existent as Washington remains rudderless. Everyone believes China will bail out every local government, corporate and individual spectators but I don’t. After all, they are communists and not prone to providing handouts to failing billionaires or local governments who have repeatedly disobeyed central government directives. There will be some pain to teach them a lesson.

I won’t be discouraged if there is a sell on the news mentality once the EU deal is announced. And I am rooting for another delay in the announcement because that means they are still arguing – eh, negotiating. And I expect leaks from the negotiations to cause some volatility. We should continue to move higher, perhaps rally 20% before going lower, likely hitting prior lows.

Whoops, there I go again.

Advertisements

Slovenia Could Imperil EU Bailout; Operation Chubby Checker a/k/a Operation Twist; The Recession is here.

Little old Slovenia, that old communist country, could be the fly in the ointment. The government fell last night and elections are not yet scheduled but the party that seems to be in favor of assuming power is apparently less benevolent than the outgoing politicians. Slovenia’s Democratic Party is also much less benevolent than the US Democrats but I guess the word “Democrat” has different definitions in former communist countries than here. They believe that countries like Greece should pay the piper themselves and that it shouldn’t fall on the Slovenians to give up their hard earned cash to profligate spenders. The issue with this is that the approval of the new ESFS proposal requires unanimous approval from all 17 members . If the Democratic Party does assume power, there is no guarantee the Slovenians vote to approve the bailout making for, at least, some suspense. The markets don’t need more uncertainty.

Alpha Natural Resources noted slowing demand in Asia for coal as one reason why they cut guidance today. This is not a good sign. China was supposed to be a bastion of strength. Copper, FCX, at lows, transports getting smeistered, these are the front end of the recession. I’m short CNX and BTU. The rails, who of course benefit from coal shipments, are feeling tremendous pain. CSX had already lowered guidance as did FDX.

In 2002, Bernanke made a speech about Kennedy’s use of Operation Twist and it wasn’t so favorable (link below) Granted the speech referred to Japanese deflation issues but is nonetheless very telling. Quote is from the footnote 11.

http://www.federalreserve.gov/boarddocs/speeches/2002/20021121/default.htm

“An episode apparently less favorable to the view that the Fed can manipulate Treasury yields was the so-called Operation Twist of the 1960s, during which an attempt was made to raise short-term yields and lower long-term yields simultaneously by selling at the short end and buying at the long end. Academic opinion on the effectiveness of Operation Twist is divided. In any case, this episode was rather small in scale, did not involve explicit announcement of target rates, and occurred when interest rates were not close to zero.”

Like Chubby Checker, the inventor of the only twist that worked, this move will be for entertainment purposes only since it will have less of an affect on the economy than Chubby’s record sales. And it will hurt the banks.

HPQ – sell it. The Board should be fired. You approve such a radical change in direction such as buying an overpriced software company and the spinning off of your PC business and then you fire the CEO. Can you think of a worse nightmare for a CEO than having the stock decline when you are hired then spike when you get fired. Whitman, a brilliant internet pioneer, is not the answer. EBAY is a retailer, HPQ is, well what is it? It’s a declining hardware business. ORCL isn’t buying HPQ. $60 billion is an awful big price tag for a “told you so” by Hurd even if it were his decision which it’s not.

Most troubling about the bank debt downgrades is the reason. It’s crazy logic. Does Moody’s see a need for the government to bail out the banks? If so, their debt won’t be worth anything so the downgrade should be to junk. If the Lehman deja vu isn’t an issue, then there shouldn’t be a downgrade.

Guess what? I’m still bearish.

Yesterday’s Blog – Nat Gas; Netflix (NFLX) Hastings Has A Solution for Europe; President Obama, Merkel,

My sources provided unique insights into the European Finance Ministers’ Meeting in Poland this past weekend:

Germany: I would like to invite Herr Geithner to our little party.

Poland: Whatever you say, boss.

Austria: Absolutely not. He has no personality and is way too American, always telling people what to do.

France: It’s a long trip and he probably won’t even come. He’ll probably just send a really big check as a gift with his regrets.

Belgium: Rubbish. I heard he’s in debt over his head and his boss is soon to be out of a job which means he’s also on borrowed time.

Germany: Look, I am paying for the party and I want him to come. Hopefully, he says nein and sends a check. If we don’t invite him we stand no chance of getting anything from him.

Austria: Fine. He’s your friend but I’m warning you that if he starts bossing us around, I won’t be able to hold my tongue.
And so it went.

NFLX continues to be a short, the CEO’s mea culpa aside, if for no other reason than content costs will significantly crimp margins. Perhaps the Europeans should look at Hastings strategy and separate insolvent Greece from the rest of the union, the Greeks being the NFLX version of a legacy DVD business. Apparently, Hastings doesn’t want his company’s valuation in the market to be painted with the broad brush of a declining or slower growth business so he is separating the 2 businesses. Perhaps Merkel et al should invite him to their next get together. At least he is sure to bring the entertainment.

So here I am in Nashville sitting at the gate waiting for my flight to Newark. CNN is on and everyone seems to be transfixed by the conversation leading up to the President’s speech on deficit reduction and taxes. I don’t think I have ever seen this level of interest before. Most have barely taken a bite of their deep fried bagels – everything is deep fried here, even the sushi. This is America, Nascar country as their attire attests, Dale Junior’s number featured prominently. I often wonder why they revere Junior given he’s crossed the finish line about as often as an Obama legislative proposal on taxes.

Like an Earnhardt fan, expectations were apparently incredibly high going into the weekend. But like an Earnhardt fan, the experience only resulted in disheartening disappointment. I’ve noted before that our two party system can’t agree on much these days so any expectation that the Euro’s 17 backers, some with effectively more than 2 party systems, will agree on a bailout measure for the banks and the PIIGS in a compressed time frame is folly.

Merkel is losing her mandate as yet another election pointed out this past weekend as her FDP partner suffered defeat. This conceivably puts Europe in a precarious position without a strong voice. Clearly, the coalition is fracturing, unable to even offer a carrot to the markets when they knew one was so desperately needed. Expectations are possibly higher for the FOMC to release a Q3 type statement on Weds. But even if they do, it will only provide a short term lift to the market for the economic fundamentals continue to worsen. Yes there are pockets of strength, the high end has been the savior, and the Apple ecosystem has done more than its share, but there is no disputing the declining economic picture and I would not continue to look for the upper end consumer to thrive, not in the face of higher taxes. Bullish prognosticators note the decline in the averages from the peak as more than having discounted any perceived economic malaise while hanging onto the belief that we are in a soft patch. Need I remind them that when the market rose to such heights, the global economy was on an upswing and the European sovereign mess just a twinkle in a dollar bull’s eye. Now the economy has slowed, if not reversed, and the collapse of the potential for a collapse of the Euro is real.

But the President has an answer for us. He wants to tax investment income as ordinary income, essentially removing any incentive for assumption of risk. In a perilous market environment, why put any capital at risk if there is little chance for reward? Less investment means less money sloshing around the economy and fewer jobs being created. And while we’re watching the acrimony in Washington, how about drafting the rest of us into a financial civil war, dividing the citizenry into two classes, pitting one against the other, all in the name of politics?

None of this is positive for the economy or the markets which is why I continue to be bearish

I added to my Euro short against the dollar on Thursday and still believe par is where the Euro will ultimately reside even if the new Troika comes out with a bailout package. Actually, that will further fortify my already strong conviction. Given my view on the slowing world economy – yes, even China will slow – I have exited my energy positions for the most part recalling that crude got decimated in the ’08 financial meltdown as demand suffered and speculative traders lost their appetite for risk (and their margin). The one bright spot is LNG as global demand is increasing sharply as a function of Japan and Germany using less nuclear power and Japan, China and India looking for a next generation solution to their burgeoning energy demands supposedly willing to pay as much as $20/btu all in. As more tankers and terminals are built for export, this will help sop up our overabundance of natural gas. And although I have little faith it will happen, should the administration ever propose a real energy policy, that, by the way would also create a number of jobs, natural gas would have to be in the equation.

I guess I’m not really surprised by the muted reaction in gold to all the negativity since gold is a risk asset and the appetite for risk is waning once again and margin requirements more lofty. It’s not a bad thing to see a high flying trade enter into a consolidation phase. I will keep my eye on it, looking for opportunity but will probably miss it again.


Latest Tweets

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.